The cathedral bell tower at the central square (below) of Cuzco
perches in front of the surrounding mountains.
Cuzco is undoubtedly the best known city in
Peru to the world, thanks to its historical significance as the
capital of the Inca Empire. Today, the Inca relics and monuments
in or near this ancient imperial city have made it the archaeological
centre of the Americas. Coupled with the Spanish colonial architectures,
the city attracts tens of thousands of visitors per year to its
labyrinth of narrow alleys, as well as the lively and flamboyant
villages in the nearby Urubamba Valley.